Munich is the third biggest city in Germany and is the capital of Bavaria. The city sits on a land area of one hundred and thirty-five miles and has a population of approximately one and a half million people in the city proper. If the surrounding areas of Augsburg, Ingolstadt, Rosenheim and Landshut are taken into consideration then the population stands at around five million residents. The name Munich comes from the German word Munchen, which in English means “monks”. This is because the city was founded by the Benedictine order of monks. It is also the reason that the colors of black and gold are the primary colors of the city, because these were the colors of the Holy Roman Empire. As of 2006, Munich’s motto was “Munchen mag Dich”, which translates into English as “Munich Loves You”. A slogan that is aptly fitting for the city.
Munich is a city that has paid a great deal of attention to the education of its residents. Its also a city that is considered to be at the forefront of scientific research as is evidenced by its long list of Nobel Prize winning laureates. The city also has an extensive collection of universities, many of which were founded in the nineteenth century. Some of the more prominent ones include Munich Intellectual Property Law Center, Universität der Bundeswehr München, Pionierschule und Fachschule des Heeres für Bautechnik, Hochschule für Musik und Theater München, Akademie der Bildenden Künste München, Hochschule für Philosophie München, International Max Planck Research School for Molecular and Cellular Life Sciences and Deutsche Journalistenschule.
Munich not only has the lowest unemployment rates of any city in Germany, but it also has one of the strongest economies in the country. This city is also one of the largest publishing cities in all of Europe, publish daily newspapers such as the Süddeutsche Zeitung. Munich is also home to many biotechnology, software and service industries, as well as being a major financial city with a large number of Fortune 500 companies headquartered there.
Another thing that Munich is well known for is its breweries. Breweries in the city include Augustiner Bräu, Hacker-Pschorr, Hofbräu, Löwenbräu, Paulaner and Spaten-Franziskaner-Bräu. The city also host over twenty beer gardens with the most famous being in Englischer Garten. Englischer Garten, also known as English Garden in English, is Munich’s largest park. This park was founded in the eighteenth century by Archduke Carl Theodor. In this park is Chinesischer Turm. This tower was built in the Asian pagoda style and was built in the late eighteenth century. It stands over seventy-five feet high and is Munich’s second largest beer garden. Other attractions in the park include Kleinhesseloher Lake and the Japanese Tea Room. In between these two locations is a large meadow where locals frequently sunbath in the nude.
The most famous landmark in Munich is the Frauenkirche. This church was founded in 1468 and is three hundred and fifty feet high and one hundred and thirty feet wide. The church is well known for its unique domes, which would inspire many future building projects in the city. Inside the church is the black marble grave of Prince Elector Kurfürst Maximilian I.
Another prominent attraction is Marienplatz or St. Mary’s Square. At the center of the square is a large tower topped with a statue of the Virgin Mary called Mariensäule. It was built in 1638 to celebrate the end of the Swedish Invasion. Also located in the square is the Neues Rathaus or New Town Square. This building is done in the Gothic style and was built in 1909. It stands two hundred and sixty feet high. This square also features the Carillon, the Fischbrunnen and the Old Town Hall or Altes Rathaus. No visit to Munich would be complete without a trip to Viktualienmarkt. This market area was established by Maximilian I in 1807. This market covers over five acres and is home to over one hundred and forty shops selling everything from fruits and nuts to venison and poultry. There are also stalls that sell flowers, exotic foods and botanicals.
While in Munich don’t forget to take a trip to Olympiapark. This Olympic park was built in preparation for the 1972 Olympic Games, but is still a frequently used location in the city. It contains the stadium, student dorms, an indoor pool, a residential district and an ice rink. After your visit here swing by the Residenz Palace. This palace was built in 1385 and served as the home of various Bavarian monarchs from the fourteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century. It has over one hundred and twenty rooms and is decorated in seventeenth century frescos. It is also filled with antique rugs, porcelain, furniture and art.
Another museum is Munich’s museum of technology and science called Deutsches Museum. This museum was built in 1925 and has ever since then featured many exhibits of famous technological masterpieces. This museum has exhibits that cover the gambit of disciplines from aerospace, astronomy, agriculture, computers and chemistry to marine navigation, mining and music. This museum offer tours to visitors in both German and English, and most of the exhibits placards are also written in German and English. Other prominent tourist attractions in Munich include Peterskirche, Ruhmeshalle, Nymphenburg Palace Müllersches Volksbad and Isar. There are also a great varieties of restaurants, cafes, street vendors and beer gardens in this beautiful and historic city.